Horizontal Land Development in South Punjab

Agriculture is central to economic growth and development in Punjab as its contribution to national agricultural economy is overwhelming. The sector (including livestock) contributes a quarter of Punjab’s GDP and employs a large portion of its labor force. It also contributes a large share to national export earnings due to manufactured products derived from agriculture, such as textiles. The agriculture surplus generated in Punjab is also critical for food security of the national population. It may be noted that population density is increasing, land-to-man ratio is deteriorating and food requirement is growing. The potential of agricultural production and to bring more area under cultivation both depends on availability of cultureable land.

South Punjab consist of three divisions i.e. DG Khan, Bahawalpur and Multan division and has significant importance in Punjab Province. Total reported area of south Punjab is 16,845,400 acres while cultivated area is 12,028,900 acres. The area under kharif crops is 7,698,990 acres and under Rabi Crops is 8195460 acres. Total available cultureable waste land of the province Punjab is 37,88,980 acres out of which 1,990,820 acres of waste land lies in South Punjab. In South Punjab DG Khan Division is the most backward division of the province it comprises of D.G Khan, Rajanpur, Muzaffargarh and Layyah Districts. Total reported area of D.G Khan division is 77,95,320 acres while cultivated area is 46,11,490 acres. The area under kharif crops is 22,30,410 acres and under Rabi Crops is 28,77,550 acres and total available cultureable waste land lies in DG Khan Division is 13,93,080 acres. It is the most backward area of the province with highest Multi-Dimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 0.490, farming community possess minimum resources for agriculture. Similarly, total reported area of Bahawalpur division is 5,285,800 acres while cultivated area is 4,226,170 acres. The area under kharif crops is 2,850,380 acres and under Rabi Crops is 2,783,690 acres and total available cultureable waste land lies in Bahawalpur Division is 461,890 acres. Similarly, total reported area of Multan division is 3,764,280 acres while cultivated area is 3,191,240 acres. The area under kharif crops is 2,618,200 acres and under Rabi Crops is 2,534,220 acres and total available cultureable waste land lies in Bahawalpur Division is 135,850 acres.

Project Area

The project will be implemented in all divisions of South Punjab i.e. DG Khan Division, Bahawalpur Division and Multan Division.

Objectives

The major objectives of the project are to bring more area under cultivation as a horizontal expansion of crops and to improve its utilization to maximum potential for increase in per acre yield and agriculture production by leveling the barren / uncultivable land. The main project objectives are as follow;

  • To increase overall productivity of the area by bringing more area under cultivation through cultureable waste land development.
  • To alleviate poverty, uplift livelihood, ensure food security and improve the socio economic environment.
 

Existing Facilities

The Field Wing of Agriculture Department is carrying out activity horizontal land development. Currently department have a fleet of 297 bulldozers and all of these bulldozers are very old and have covered their economic life. All these bulldozers are working throughout the Punjab. Due to limited numbers of available bulldozers people have to wait for long time for their turn. The available bulldozers require extensive repair and maintenance. Much time is wasted in the repair and searching of required spare parts / systems of these bulldozers. Due to which the pace of work becomes abnormally slow and time consuming. Currently the department has deployed 116 numbers of bulldozers in South Punjab for land development work.
By the induction of proposed number of bulldozer (29 number of 125-140 H.P and 05 number of 200-225 H.P bulldozers) for land development and Rodkohi work in South Punjab more area will bring under agriculture. This will help to improve the economic condition of the farmers as well as will increase farm productivity by increasing crop yield per unit area.

 

 

Brief Description

Agriculture is central to economic growth and development in Punjab as its contribution to national agricultural economy is overwhelming. The agriculture surplus generated in Punjab is also critical for food security of the national population. It may be noted that population density is increasing, land-to-man ratio is deteriorating and food requirement is growing. The potential of agricultural production and to bring more area under cultivation both depends on availability of cultureable land. In this project South Punjab is under consideration. Traditional agricultural practices dominate in the area and majority of farmers lack skills in latest agricultural interventions. Agricultural production is directly related to the land resources and availability of inputs, more area under cultivation more production from this sector and efficient and integrated utilization of resources ensure sustainability in the sector.
Total reported area of south Punjab is 16,845,400 acres while cultivated area is 12,028,900 acres. The area under kharif crops is 7,698,990 acres and under Rabi Crops is 8195460 acres. Total available cultureable waste land of the province Punjab is 37,88,980 acres out of which 19,90,820 acres of waste land lies in South Punjab.

For reclamation of these 19,90,820 acres’ bulldozers with good working condition are required which can only be possible with the induction of new bulldozers. For monitoring of bulldozer activities tracking units will be installed in the bulldozers and 02 monitoring control room will be established one at Directorate General Agriculture (Field) Punjab Lahore office and one at Directorate of Agricultural Engineering Multan Region Multan office.